UNITED NATIONS New
York (Xinhua) -- Three days after the
top UN envoy in Somalia was ordered to leave the country by its
government, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has decided to
appoint a new special representative.
to appoint in due course a new Special Representative for
Somalia and Head of United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia
(UNSOM)," said Farhan Haq, deputy spokesperson for the
secretary-general, in a statement on Friday.
The original envoy, Nicholas Haysom, was accused of
"violating protocols" and "deliberately interfering" in the
internal affairs by the Somali government on Tuesday, and he was
declared a "persona non grata" and was ordered to leave the
In his statement, the secretary-general said he deeply
regrets the decision of the government of the Federal Republic
of Somalia and he has full confidence in Haysom, an experienced
and respected international civil servant who has distinguished
himself in numerous senior leadership roles.
Guterres said the doctrine of persona non grata does not
apply to, or in respect of, United Nations personnel.
"As described in the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic
Relations, the doctrine applies to diplomatic agents who are
accredited by one State to another in the context of their
bilateral relations," said Guterres, adding that the United
Nations is not a State and its personnel are not accredited to
the States where they are deployed.
Nevertheless, Guterres will replace Haysom because "UNSOM
needs to be able to carry out in the most effective manner its
mandate to support the country," according to the statement.
Somali police last month arrested a former al-Shabab deputy
leader who also was the main challenger in the South West State
elections for regional presidency, and Haysom has been asking
for clarification from the government on the legal basis for the
al-Shabaab remains the
biggest source of insecurity in Somalia
UNITED NATIONS New York (Xinhua) --
The former top UN envoy in Somalia Nicholas
Haysom on Thursday warned that al-Shabaab remains the biggest
source of insecurity in Somalia.
"Despite the ongoing operations to degrade the terrorist
group, it still has the capacity to conduct indiscriminate
attacks on Somali citizens, and target electoral delegates, the
Somali security forces and African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM),"
said the special representative of the UN secretary-general for
Somalia in his briefing to the UN Security Council.
Two United Nations staff members and a contractor were
injured on Tuesday after seven mortars landed inside the UN
compound in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, the responsibility
for this attack has claimed by al-Shabaab.
"In no country are attacks against the United Nations
acceptable," said Haysom.
AMISOM and Somali security forces operations have succeeded
in denying al-Shabaab the possibility of launching conventional
attacks, the UN envoy said.
"It now relies on improvised explosive devices and targeted
Al-Shabaab is a Somalia-based Islamist group, which has split
into two groups, with one still pledging allegiance to Al-Qaeda,
the other to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Haysom also warned that pro-ISIL elements have targeted
business owners using extortion to extract revenue and
conducting assassinations in Mogadishu and Puntland.
"It appears that the cause of conflict between the two
extremist groups is now primarily driven by financial
interests," said Haysom, adding that their focus is now on
"extortion of so called taxes."
Just hours after Tuesday's fire attack on the main UN
compound in Mogadishu, the Somali government ordered Haysom to
leave the country, alleging that he interfered in its sovereign
The drastic move by Somalia came after the UN envoy asked
clarification from the government on whether UN-supported forces
were involved in the shooting of demonstrators in the southern
city of Baidoa last month.
Haysom demanded answers from the government about the legal
basis for arresting former al-Shabab deputy leader Mukhtar Robow
who was the main challenger in the South West State elections
for regional presidency.
Robow's arrest sparked clashes between Robow's supporters and
Somali security forces from Dec. 13 to 15, 2018, resulting in
the death of 15 people.
In his briefing to the Security Council, Haysom said that the
arrest of the former al-Shabaab deputy leader "marred the
process and does not bode well for upcoming electoral processes
in other regions or for the 2020 national elections."
This may also have implications for the likelihood of future
al-Shabaab defectors who may be considering exchanging violence
for a political path, said Haysom.
Early funding urged to
sustain food aid operations in Somalia
MOGADISHU Somalia (Xinhua) --
Humanitarian agencies on Thursday called
for early funding and support to help sustain aid operation in
Somalia in 2019.
According to a report titled 2019 Somalia Humanitarian Needs
Overview released by the UN Office for the Coordination of
Humanitarian Affairs, the humanitarian situation in Somalia has
continued to improve due to good Gu rains and sustained