The share of the population living under the international
poverty line in the African nation fell from 46.8 percent to
36.1 percent between 2005 to 2015, thanks to sustained
macro-economic stability, said the Kenya Gender and Poverty
The Kenyan poverty rate is now below the Sub-Sahara African
average and among the lowest in East Africa, the report said.
The report said economic diversification, infrastructure
development, higher school enrollment, greater access to
portable water, sanitation and health services, have unleashed
prosperity in the country over the last decade.
It noted that higher prices for agricultural produce, mobile
money transfer services and the launch of social safety net
programs contributed to the decline in the number of people
living in abject poverty.
The report showed the greatest progress was registered in rural
Kenya where poverty declined from 50 to 38 percent over the last
decade, while the progress was not obvious in the urban areas.
Pierella Paci, the World Bank’s practice manager for poverty and
equity, said the changing consumption patterns, improved access
to basic services and positive health outcomes were signs that
prosperity was spreading in Kenya.
“Other dimensions of poverty like schooling, health indicators
and nutrition improved,” she added.
Paci said that despite the progress in poverty reduction, more
efforts are needed to address the regional and gender
disparities in terms of poverty.