Chifamba HARARE (Xinhua) -- Provision of jobs remains
one of the most critical areas Zimbabweans want addressed after
the July 30 elections, with ordinary people also demanding that
cash should be readily available at the banks.
Just like in 2013 when they expressed
hope that the new government would address economic challenges,
provide jobs and spur development, they say the economy remains
depressed and needs to be revitalized.
For David Rangwani, who sells mobile
phone recharge cards at the intersection of two busy roads in
the central business district, the situation that prevailed
prior to the 2013 elections still persists.
Rangwani told Xinhua on Monday that he
is disappointed by the performance of the current government in
creating jobs and providing social services.
“Nothing changed for the better over
the last five years,” he said. “The only change was the removal
of former President Robert Mugabe from office last November, his
replacement by President Emmerson Mnangagwa, and reduction of
“On a scale of zero to 10, I give the
government two points up to the time Mugabe left office. Most of
the promises the party made, and all our expectations, were not
fulfilled,” he said.
As one of its major promises during
the 2013 election campaign, the ruling Zanu-PF party had
promised to create 2.2 million jobs.
However, not many jobs were created
after the elections. On the contrary, thousands lost theirs as
companies took advantage of a court ruling allowing them to
terminate employment contracts on three months’ notice.
Zanu-PF also pledged a 9 percent GDP
growth by 2018, from 4.4 percent then, but the current forecast
puts the growth rate at 4.5 percent for the year.
For this year’s elections, with
Mnangagwa as its presidential candidate, the ruling party’s
central theme is “unite, fight corruption, develop, re-engage,
The party promises to focus on peace
and security, freedom and democracy, economic and public sector
reforms, domestic and foreign direct investment, job creation,
consolidating land ownership and security, beneficiation of raw
materials, infrastructure development and industrialization,
Chrispen Marembo, an unemployed youth
from Mbare, agreed with Rangwani, saying nothing much had
changed since the last elections.
“The only major change is that for
once Robert Mugabe is not a presidential candidate in the coming
“Everything else remains the same.
There are no jobs, and cash shortages continue to affect a lot
of people who are not banked. Many people cannot even pay us for
menial jobs such as helping them carry their goods after buying
them from the market,” he said.
University graduate Keith Nyamasvisva,
30, who runs a corner store selling electronic gadgets, said he
hopes more investors would come into the country after the
“We hope after the election there is
going to be an overflow of investors from all over the globe. We
also hope that there will be an end to the cash crisis and also
an end to the informal market,” he said.
Nyamasvisva, who failed to get a job
after graduating, also complained at the high rate of
unemployment, which has resulted in many people turning to
He added that local authorities should
also improve service delivery and rehabilitate the roads that
are now riddled with potholes.
Florist Itai Muzunza also spoke on the
economy. He said the new government should work hard to end the
cash crisis and reopen industries.
“If companies are revived it means
jobs will be created. If you look around... you will see that
the roads are full of people who are literally doing nothing,”
he said. “It is difficult to move around because vendors have
clogged the roads and pavements.”
Musician Obert Madziva said the
coming-in of a new political order following Mugabe’s ouster had
brought hope for a better future among Zimbabweans.
“Mnangagwa has done well in terms of
fighting corruption and minimizing police roadblocks. He has
also given more freedom to opposition parties which are
campaigning freely in once no-go areas,” Madziva said. “Let us
hope that the promises he is making now will come to fruition if
he wins the elections.”
Zanu-PF faces the challenge of the MDC
Alliance, which is fronted by 40-year-old Nelson Chamisa and
pledges to “make Zimbabwe an inclusive, socially just,
prosperous, tolerant, transformative, modern, advanced,
efficient and democratic developmental state in which people
have equal opportunities to pursue happiness by 2023 -- making
Zimbabwe a jewel of Africa.”
Chamisa has also promised employment
creation and upgrading of infrastructure if he is elected into