(Xinhua) -- A Mozambican researcher said
social exclusion is a main reason behind the sporadic armed attacks
led by a group of self-proclaimed Islamists in the northern province
of Cabo Delgado since last October.
The announcement was
made on Tuesday in Maputo by political commentator and researcher
Joao Pereira during the launch of a research report entitled
"Islamic radicalization in northern Mozambique: the case of Mocimboa
"According to our field research, we found that the young people
who formed the group feel socially excluded, they feel excluded from
the country’s policies," Pereira told the press.
Pereira said young people joining the group feel like having a
new family with whom they can challenge the authorities.
He said the group has several units in various parts of Africa,
including Cabo Delgado of Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya and Somalia
and there are spiritual leaders from the three foreign countries to
train the members of the unit in Mozambique.
"Internally, armed youths were trained by the ex-agents of the
Police of the Republic of Mozambique, who were expelled from the
corporation and border guards," he said.
According to the report, the group does not have a clear
manifesto or message, but everything indicates that Islam is not
being followed properly and the money to finance its activities
comes from illicit sources.
"They prohibit the formal education of children and replace it
with a Quranic education, and change the attitudes of women towards
clothing," says the report.
"Since they are in areas rich in mineral resources, they smuggle
wood, ivory and rubies," said Pereira, adding that they also receive
donations from inside and outside the country.
Earlier this month, more than 200 suspects related to the armed
group have been charged by the provincial prosecutor of Cabo
Mozambique: Africa Day
celebration highlights fight against corruption
MAPUTO Mozambique (Xinhua) --
Mozambique on Monday launched a week-long celebration
of Africa Day, which highlights the continent’s efforts on
preventing and combating corruption.
The launch was witnessed by representatives from different
Mozambican foreign minister Jose Pacheco said this year’s
celebration marks the initiative of African leaders in 2003 when
they adopted the African Union (AU) Convention on Preventing and
Combating Corruption in Maputo.
"The selection of this theme comes from the recognition that
corruption is a phenomenon that constitutes a barrier in the
development of our country and for a harmonized implementation of
Agenda 2063 for our continent’s development," Pacheco said.
According to the minister, the transformation of the African
Union name from the previous Organization of African Unity was not a
simple move but is part of a political strategy for the development
of Africa adopting new objectives and perspectives.
Pacheco said that while the organization aimed at liberating
Africa from its settlers, the union seeks to boost a sustainable
social and economic development, a vision that is only possible
based on a transparent and sustainable management of natural
resources that Africa possesses.
The minister urged citizens to engage themselves in the fight
against corruption as a means of contributing to the materialization
of AU Agenda 2063 and for a much more united and peaceful continent.
"We need to guarantee that corruption doesn’t hinder efforts to
promote good governance, social and economic transformation, and
peace and safety of every state," added the minister.
Many representatives present said that corruption is among the
core problems that African states are dealing with, not only between
leaders but among ordinary citizens as well.
"There is lack of will to deal with the problem of corruption. It
has become a way of living and it is one of Africa’s setbacks," said
Nicholas Dube, Zimbabwean ambassador to Mozambique.
Celebrated in various countries on the African continent as well
as around the world, Africa Day marks the founding of the AU’s
predecessor, the Organization of African Unity, in 1963.
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