ROME Italy (Xinhua) --
Some 124 million people suffered
from acute food insecurity in 2017, up from 108 millions
in 2016, the United Nations (UN) said in a report on
All of those
endangered by acute hunger last year lived across 51
countries, and the worst hunger crises were registered
in northeast Nigeria, Somalia, Yemen, and South Sudan,
the “Global Report on Food Crises” noted.
million people in the abovementioned countries were
food-insecure and “in need of urgent assistance.”
estimated a 11 percent increase in the number of
food-insecure people last year compared to 2016.
of children and women in need of nutritional support
(also) increased between 2016 and 2017, mainly in areas
affected by conflict or insecurity, such as Somalia,
South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Yemen, and
northern Nigeria,” the report said.
that acute outbreaks of cholera also affected some of
those countries, worsening acute malnutrition levels.
Report on Food Crises was unveiled at a briefing for UN
member states here by two agencies of the United
Nations—Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and
World Food Programme (WFP) -- and the European Union (EU).
the EU, FAO and WFP in 2016 to boost coordination amid
humanitarian and development agencies, the report
annually estimates the state of global hunger. It
defines the state of “acute food insecurity” (or acute
hunger) as the condition in which an individual’s life
and livelihood are in immediate danger for lack of
million people at risk in 2017 were especially put in
danger by conflicts and climate-related shocks, the
UN-led report stressed.
and insecurity continued to be primary drivers of food
insecurity in 18 countries, where almost 74 million
food-insecure people remain in need of urgent
assistance,” it stated.
these people lived in African countries, while over
one-third were in the Middle East. Yemen alone had 17
million people in need of urgent assistance, while
Syrian, Iraq and Palestine together accounted for over
Climate-related disasters—mainly linked to drought—also
triggered food crises in 23 countries in 2017, putting
some 39 million people in need of urgent nutritional
assistance, the report said.
region in the world has really been safe from the
consequences of conflicts or climate-related shock last
year, the UN agencies and the EU warned.
Africa, the Middle East and in parts of South Asia,
conflict and insecurity have undermined food security,”
they wrote. “Likewise, persistent drought in the Horn of
Africa, floods in Asia, and hurricanes in Latin America
and the Caribbean have all contributed to the spread and
intensification of hunger.”
In Asia, the
largest number of people into acute food insecurity was
registered in Afghanistan and Myanmar.
warned this rise in the level of severe food insecurity
would continue throughout 2018, and Yemen would likely
remain the country affected by the worst food crisis at
situation in Yemen—which has been devastated by a civil
war since 2015 -- was expected “to deteriorate,
particularly because of restricted access, economic
collapse, and outbreaks of disease.”
security crises would also remain in Afghanistan,
Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo,
northeast Nigeria and Lake Chad region, South Sudan,
Syria, Libya, and the central Sahel (Mali and Niger).
consequences of severe dry weather on crops and
livestock may also worsen food insecurity in pastoral
areas in Somalia, southeast Ethiopia, east Kenya, and in
the Sahel in Senegal, Chad, Niger, Mali, Mauritania and
Africa mulls strategies
to accelerate global climate action
NAIROBI (Xinhua) --
Climate change experts from across Africa
will meet in Kenya in April for a five-day conference to
highlight strategies for accelerating global climate
action, a Kenyan official said on Thursday.
Tobiko, the Cabinet Secretary for Environment and
Forestry, said the first African Climate Week will be
held in Nairobi on April 9-13.
delegates will realign finance flows that are consistent
with a pathway towards low emission and climate
resilient development for the Paris Agreement,” Tobiko
told journalists in Nairobi.
He said that
the conference will also serve as a knowledge sharing
platform for discussing climate action in the continent
and focus on supporting the implementation of countries’
Nationally Determined Contributions and climate action
to deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals.
said Kenya is in the process of establishing a climate
change fund as a finance mechanism for priority climate
change actions and interventions as required by the
Climate Change Act 2016.
the formulation of the fund is ongoing in collaboration
with the National Treasury following the approval of the
National Climate Finance policy by the parliament.
African nation is among the first countries in the world
to have a climate change Act and framework policy, he
Tobiko, the framework provides for the mainstreaming of
climate change actions into planning, budgeting and
implementation at both national and county governments
that the ratification of the Kigali amendment to the
Montreal Protocol that targets phasing out consumption
and production of hydroflourocarbans by Kenya is almost
The CS said
High Global Warming Potential (GWP) substances are
expected to be phased down and replaced with low GWP
alternatives as stipulated under the Kigali Amendment to
the Montreal Protocol.
most of the refrigeration and air conditioning equipment
in the country are generally inefficient as they are
mostly based on obsolete technologies. This situation is
worsened by the fact that the alternatives that are
ozone layer and climate friendly are not readily
available in the country, Tobiko said.
that the country is keen at introducing new
environmentally friendly technologies in the
refrigeration and air conditioning sector with the aim
of eliminating Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
Kenya is a
signatory of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that
deplete the ozone layer and has contributed to global
efforts to mitigate climate change, considering that
most of the substances targeted by the Protocol are also
potent green house gases.