ADDIS ABABA Ethiopia (Xinhua) --
out of the 10 most dangerous places to newborns are in
Sub-Saharan Africa, according to a new report by UNICEF.
Global deaths of newborn babies remain alarmingly high,
particularly among the world’s poorest countries, according to
the new report on newborn mortality released on Tuesday.
The report put the Central African Republic as the second
riskiest country to babies in the world after Pakistan and the
most dangerous place to newborns in Africa.
Newborns in Pakistan, the Central African Republic and
Afghanistan face the worst odds, said the report.
The Central African Republic, Somalia, Lesotho,
Guinea-Bissau, South Sudan, Cote d’Ivoire, Mali, and Chad are
the eight most dangerous African countries where pregnant women
are much less likely to receive assistance during delivery due
to poverty, conflict and weak institutions.
If every country brought its newborn mortality rate down to
the high-income average by 2030, 16 million lives could be
saved, noted the report.
"While we have more than halved the number of deaths among
children under the age of five in the last quarter century, we
have not made similar progress in ending deaths among children
less than one month old," said Henrietta H. Fore, UNICEF’s
"Given that the majority of these deaths are preventable,
clearly, we are failing the world’s poorest babies."
Globally, in low-income countries, the average newborn
mortality rate is 27 deaths per 1,000 births, the report said.
In high-income countries, that rate is 3 deaths per 1,000.
Newborns from the riskiest places to give birth are up to 50
times more likely to die than those from the safest places.
More than 80 percent of newborn deaths are due to
prematurity, complications during birth or infections such as
pneumonia and sepsis, the report said.
The report said the deaths could be prevented with access to
well-trained midwives, along with proven solutions like clean
water, disinfectants, breastfeeding within the first hour,
skin-to-skin contact and good nutrition.
Islamic organ urges to safeguard children in conflict-ridden
RABAT Morocco (Xinhua) --
The Islamic Educational, Scientific
and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) urged Wednesday for stronger
action to ensure the safety of children in conflict-ridden
Director General of the ISESCO Abdulaziz Othman Altwaijri
said so here at the Fifth Islamic Conference of Ministers in
Charge of Childhood, which kicked off Wednesday.
The aggravating sufferings of children in places such as in
Syria, Yemen, Somalia, Libya and Afghanistan call for a
collective supportive initiative, said Altwaijri.
The ISESCO director also maintained that the
internationally-recognized rights of Palestinian children are
"constantly violated by the brutal Israeli occupation of the
He called for more efficient and coordinated actions by
Islamic countries to address violence, child labor,
exploitation, ill-treatment, discrimination, as well as securing
quality health and social services, and other basic needs of
children, which are quintessentially legitimate rights.
"It is time to translate words into actions, shift from
slogans to concrete results, and move from unsupported goodwill
to effective and influential resolutions, in service of
childhood and in response to its expectations," he said.
The two-day conference brings together ministers and
representatives from ISESCO member states as well as
representatives of regional and international governmental and
non-governmental organizations concerned with childhood issues.
The conference is part of a series of specialized Islamic
conferences held by the ISESCO in coordination with the
Organization of Islamic Cooperation and parties in the hosting