NAIROBI (Xinhua) --
Kenya is in the process of developing innovative
financing approaches toward achieving universal access to sound
sanitation by the year 2030, a government official said on Monday.
Principal Secretary for Water and Sanitation Fred Segor said that
for the east African nation to achieve the goal, it requires 4.8
billion U.S. dollars.
“We plan to connect 80 percent of urban areas with sewerage lines by
2030 through a National Water Services Strategy,” Segor said during
the opening of a forum on national sanitation in Nairobi.
Segor said the planned investment will contribute to achieving
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Six that covers sanitation given
that a total of 48 percent of the population have access to improved
“Sanitation plays a central role in sustainable development,
therefore, improved access to sanitation can break the disease
poverty cycle and contribute immensely to poverty alleviation,” he
Currently, Segor said, funding for sewerage development in urban
centers is estimated at about 15 percent in Kenya.
He said that the government plans to impose a sewerage service levy
on all water services within a licensee area to cover some costs of
disposing of the water supplied within those limits.
Kenya, with a population of over 45 million, faces enormous
challenges in providing sustainable access to safe sanitation for
its fast growing population, Segor said.
The rate of urbanization in Kenya is tremendous and leads to an
increasing number of sanitation hotspots that are normally found in
informal settlements, he said.
“A radical shift of mindset and practices are needed in the
sanitation, water sector and urban development,” World Bank Acting
Manager for Water Global Practice Li Xiaokai said.
Li called for the mobilization of stakeholders to prioritize human
right of all to sanitation and deliver safe management along the
whole sanitation service chain.
“We must recognize that adequate urban sanitation services
contribute to public health, dignity, quality of life, a healthy
environment and a thriving urban economy,” he added.
Li urged the government to allocate additional funding required in
achieving a road-map to ending open defecation by 2020.
“Our ambitious plan to end open defecation by 2013 failed but we are
making efforts to make a huge success in 2020,” said Kepher Ombacho,
director of public health.
He said that the country stands to reduce disease burden by
addressing issues around water and sanitation.
“Sanitation is one of the most significant advances in preventive
medicine,” he said, adding that through improved sanitation, “we
will reduce cholera, worms, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutrition.”
Martin Gambril, the World Bank’s lead water and sanitation
specialist, challenged countries to create political goodwill and
mobilize finances toward the up-scaling of sanitation projects.