ADDIS ABABA Ethiopia
(Xinhua) -- As South Sudan’s warring
factions have yet to abide by the recently signed ceasefire
agreement, the second round of peace talks are scheduled to
commence in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa on Monday.
The High Level Revitalization Forum on South Sudan, among other
things, is expected to bring parties involved in South Sudan
together based on the Dec. 21 Agreement on Cessation of
Hostilities, Protection of Civilians and Humanitarian Access.
The ceasefire agreement, brokered by the Intergovernmental
Authority on Development (IGAD), asked the warring parties to
stop military operations, demands that forces remain in their
bases and further called for the release of political detainees.
Despite the cessation of hostilities agreement that was
signed during the first round of peace talks in Ethiopia’s
capital Addis Ababa, the violence has continued and new rebel
groups are reportedly joined the vilest humanitarian condition
witnessed in the country.
According to the UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian
Affairs (UN-OCHA), the violence in the country has displaced
close to four million people, including 1.9 million internally
displaced and over two million who have fled as refugees to
neighboring countries, mainly Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and
the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
As the international community currently urges parties
involved in the peace talk to adhere to their Dec. 21 peace
deal, the second round of peace talks are due to commence in
Addis Ababa on Feb. 5 by bringing together, among other parties,
the country’s armed and non-warring political factions, various
forms of civic associations, and representatives of private
According to the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the
second round of the High Level Revitalization Forum, which is
set to revitalize the 2015 peace deal between the government and
rebel forces, is expected to focus on peace and security issues
and governance structures.
Even though the first round of discussion was said to be
successful in bringing parties involved in the conflict to agree
on cessation of hostilities, it was unable to bring the world’s
youngest nation out of the ongoing civil war.
Concerned by the country’s current humanitarian crisis,
African leaders, who took part at the 30th African Union (AU)
assembly of heads of state and government in Ethiopia, had urged
South Sudanese parties to abide by the peace accord.
Heads of the UN, AU and IGAD had also jointly voiced their
frustrations and warned South Sudan’s warring factions for
violating the recent peace deal.