KAMPALA Uganda (Xinhua) --
Uganda’s health ministry on Monday confirmed an
outbreak of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in the central
district of Nakaseke.
Sarah Opendi, state minister for health, told Xinhua that the
laboratory results of the samples taken from a 9-year-old suspected
case who has been under isolation at Kiwoko Hospital, Nakaseke
tested positive of the fever.
She said a National Rapid Response team from the Ministry of Health
and that of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries has been
dispatched to Nakaseke and Luweero districts to handle the outbreak.
“Results from Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe tested
positive for the Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever and negative for
other viral Hemorrhagic Fevers like Ebola, Marburg, Rift Valley
Fever and Sosuga,” said Opendi.
The confirmation of the CCHF comes barely two weeks after the
ministry of health denied the outbreak.
On Jan. 5, Opendi told reporters that the samples taken from the
suspected 9-year-old boy tested negative of CCHF, contrary to the
claims from Nakaseke districts authorities on the outbreak.
The minister on Monday dismissed reports that an 8-year-old girl
from Kagugo village, Luweero district succumbed to the fever.
“The laboratory results from the deceased’s blood samples tested
negative for CCHF and other viral Hemorrhagic fevers. The Ministry
of Health is continuing to investigate the possible cause of the
death of this young girl in collaboration with partners,” said
Crimean-Congo is a tick-borne illness transmitted to humans through
tick bites. It is also be transmitted through contact with the blood
of infected animals especially during slaughter.
It can also be transmitted through direct contact with the blood,
secretions and the organs of infected people.
Nosocomial transmission can occur through contaminated medical
equipment or body fluid from infected persons.
CCHF outbreak constitutes a threat to public health, according to
the World Health Organization.
According to the global health body, the fever is associated with
high case fatality ratio of about 10-40 percent, which is endemic in
Africa, the Balkans and the Middle East.
33,421 cases of cholera since August 2015: WHO
ARUSHA, Tanzania (Xinhua) --
A total of 33,421 cases of cholera were reported
across all 26 regions of Tanzania from August 15, 2015 to January 7
this year, according to a report released on Monday by the World
Health Organization (WHO).
WHO said in the report that Tanzania mainland accounted for 86
percent of the cases which caused 542 deaths (fatality rate of 1.62
The report shows that children under five years old accounted for
11.4 percent of cases and since the beginning of the outbreak, over
7,000 specimens were tested for cholera and 47 percent came out
positive for Vibrio cholera.
As for 2017 alone, the report showed that from 1 January through 31
December, some 4,985 cases including 99 deaths were reported in
Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar.
But the report noted that the number of cases as well as the
geographical spread of cholera has markedly reduced compared to the
two previous years. During the same period in 2016, some 14, 547
cases and 225 deaths were reported in the country.
“Zanzibar has reported no cases since the last case was reported on
11 July 2017, however high population movement to and from Tanzania
Mainland still poses a risk of spread to Zanzibar,” the report
WHO noted in its report that active cholera transmission has
persisted in Tanzania Mainland, with Mbeya and Songwe Regions being
the most active and the country remains vulnerable to the late
detection due to the weak surveillance systems.
It further warned that the closure of the fishing camps along Lake
Rukwa on the Songwe Region border forced the fishermen to move
further south to Kyela District which borders Malawi’s Karonga
The report states: “Malawi recently reported a cholera outbreak in
Karonga. Cross-border population movement between the two countries
might further increase the risk of transmission in Malawi. Other
neighbouring countries such as DRC, Burundi, Zambia and Kenya are
already experiencing large cholera outbreaks. The risk at the
regional level is high.”
For Tanzania to bring an end to the disease, WHO recommended proper
and timely case management in cholera treatment centers in the
country and improvement of access to potable water and sanitation
infrastructure and improved hygiene and food safety practices in