NAIROBI, (Xinhua) --
Conflict, violence or disasters in Africa have displaced 2.7 million people who
have not crossed an international border since January, a new report by a global
charity released on Wednesday shows.
The report by
Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)’s Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC)
reveals that 15,000 people are displaced every day inside African countries.
said some 997,000 new internal displacements due to conflict recorded in the
first half of 2017, were reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC),
more than in the whole of 2016, and 206,000 in the Central African Republic,
four times the figure for the previous year.
numbers lie the blighted lives of people forced to leave their homes, often at a
moment’s notice and in the most traumatic of circumstances, and receiving little
protection and assistance from their governments,” says the report.
report calls on the development sector to join humanitarians in preventing and
reducing internal displacement and finding long-term solutions for the millions
of people affected.
“As the world
focuses its attention on preventing irregular migration and protecting refugees
coming out of Africa, the displacement that happens behind its own borders
persists at an alarming rate,” the charity said.
director Alexandra Bilak said this dire and worsening situation demands a new
approach that goes beyond humanitarian action to address the causes and
long-term implications of internal displacement.
is much more than a personal tragedy; displacement threatens to undermine the
achievement of Africa’s broader development objectives,” said Bilak.
He said the
national actors and development agencies need to ensure that emergency responses
are complemented by prevention and longer-term support.
with high numbers of people living in protracted displacement, focusing on
helping them rebuild their lives will allow progress toward many of the global
Sustainable Development Goals,” Bilak said.
said the majority of IDPs are in countries with low coping capacity and weak
governance, live in conditions of extreme vulnerability, and are often at risk
of further upheaval and long-term impoverishment.
charity said, is the case for many of the 12.6 million Africans living in
displacement as of the end of 2016.
said conflict caused 75 percent of Africa’s new displacement in the first half
of 2017, and 70 percent in 2016. DRC, Nigeria and South Sudan are regularly
among the five countries worst affected.
where displacement is often driven by protracted and cyclical conflicts such as
those in Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan, bears the brunt of the crisis in
this trend, we must focus on preventing and reducing the risk of new
displacement and this can only happen by taking early action on conflict
prevention and peace-building, and overall economic and political development,”
is similar for displacement associated with disasters where the report calls for
effective risk reduction measures to reduce the impact of disasters, the number
of people they displace and the length of time it takes them to re-build their
measures can also lessen people’s vulnerability to repeated displacement,
particularly during slow-onset crises such as drought, which are set to become
more frequent in the future as a result of climate change,” the charity said.
did not record displacement caused by slow-onset disasters and development
projects, and the number of people who remain displaced for months and years
following sudden-onset disasters such as storms and floods is unknown.