DAR ES SALAAM Tanzania (Xinhua)
-- Tanzanian President John
Magufuli on Monday ordered the seizure of all livestock
grazing in Tanzania from neighboring countries to
protect the east African nation’s land from degradation.
“Most of our
land in border regions are being degraded by livestock
from our neighboring countries,” Magufuli said at the
commission of an airport in Bukoba, a district in Kagera
region. “This should stop forthwith.”
president said local livestock keepers lacked areas for
grazing their animals while livestock keepers from
neighboring countries occupied most of the country’s
On Nov. 2,
Minister for Livestock and Fisheries Luhaga Mpina said
6,648 heads of cattle from Uganda have been impounded.
grazing by such a huge number of cattle in Tanzania
could lead to an environmental disaster.
grazing of cattle is most likely to destroy water
sources, cause soil erosion and deplete our livestock
grazing areas,” Mpina said in a statement released by
that cattle from neighboring countries could introduce
animal diseases into Tanzania.
authorities launched a 15-day nationwide crackdown on
cattle from neighboring countries, such as Kenya and
Uganda, entering Tanzanian pastures.
the launch of the operation, the government seized over
600 cattle from Kenya. The cattle were seized in the
country’s northern region of Kilimanjaro.
the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, an estimated 30
percent of livestock pastures in the country are
consumed by cattle from neighboring countries.
Water stress could
disturb Tanzania’s growth and poverty reduction
DAR ES SALAAM Tanzania (Xinhua)
-- A new report launched by
the World Bank on Monday said in Tanzania water scarcity
could derail the east African nation’s growth and
poverty reduction efforts.
needs to urgently improve the management of its water if
it is to avoid its water resources becoming a brake on
its development progress,” said the report launched in
Tanzania’s commercial capital, Dar es Salaam.
Bank’s 10th Tanzania Economic Update said
against the rapidly expanding economy and population,
renewable per capita freshwater resources dropped over
the past 25 years from more than 3,000 cubic meters per
person to around 1,600 today.
decline, which is driven by increasing demand for a
finite resource, will likely continue and reach around
1,400 cubic meters per person by 2025, well below the
1,700-cubic meter per person threshold that defines
water stressed countries,” said the report.
now a compelling need for the government and all
stakeholders to manage this finite resource better,”
said Bella Bird, World Bank country director for
Tanzania, Malawi, Somalia and Burundi.
development ambitions are dependent on water, just as
much as on other factors like education, health,
transportation, energy, and finance,” Bird said.
the agriculture sector is using the vast majority of
utilized water resources, accounting for around 89
percent of total use in Tanzania, against a global
average of 70 percent, the report said.
the country’s manufacturing is dominated by
agro-processing, which is also highly dependent on
water, as is mining, tourism and energy generation.
however, said Tanzania is making progress toward
increasing household access to water supplies, with 63
percent of the population having access to basic and
improved water supply services.
floods have a major impact on Tanzania’s economy, with
the extent of damage likely to increase with ongoing
agricultural sector suffers an estimated 200 million
U.S. dollars in average annual losses because of
weather-related incidents, particularly drought.
recommends four key measures towards ensuring that this
finite resource is well managed.
included stronger coordination across sectors and
prioritization of water-related investments; valuing and
pricing water appropriately; investing in data
collection and analysis to better equip water management
bodies to make decisions; and clarifying and
strengthening the roles of institutions responsible for
water-resource management and ensuring they are properly
Economic Update is the World Bank’s flagship in-country
report and is published twice a year.