ARUSHA Tanzania (Xinhua) --
An outbreak of anthrax has killed at least 42
hippopotami in south-central Tanzania’s famed Ruaha National
Park, authorities said on Monday.
Timbuka, Ruaha Chief Park Warden said earlier investigation
show the wild animals were killed by anthrax, an infection
caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthraces.
According to the
official, a survey carried between August and early September,
this year, shows that death cases were found in three key
areas, which are popular for hosting hippos in the sanctuary.
“This is the
largest number of hippos to have been killed in the park by
the disease,” Timbuka said, adding: “We’ve already sent
samples of the dead hippos to the Chief Government Chemist
Laboratory Agency for more investigation.”
He cited an acute
water shortage in Great Ruaha River as one of the factors for
an outbreak of the disease in the sanctuary.
with the limited water in the river, particularly during this
dry season,” said Timbuka, adding that hippos in the park move
upstream over long distances as the river dries up in the dry
“This forces them
to congregate in large numbers in the few remaining areas
along the river containing water of suitable volume and depth.
And an outbreak of the infectious disease poses a deadly
challenge to conservation,” the official said, noting that
hippos are supposed to remain submerged in water during the
day to prevent overheating and severe sunburn.
He, however, said
measures have been taken to control the spread of the deadly
disease in the park of about 20,226 square kilometres, the
similar size with New Jersey, a state in the north-eastern and
mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
anthrax is caused by a number of factors including the use of
dirty water, in which for this case used by hippos in Ruaha
River,” he said.
The park warden
said last year five hippos and three giraffes died in the
park, though it wasn’t clear on the cause of the deaths.
So far, the
Tanzanian government has established a special task force
aimed at finding a lasting solution to the ecology of Great
Ruaha River, which is currently overwhelmed with anthropogenic
factors, according to chief park warden.
“The task force is
mandated to ensure that water flows in the river throughout
the year,” the official said.
Tanzanian parliament ratifies
treaty on oil pipeline project with Uganda
DAR ES SALAAM Tanzania (Xinhua) --
Tanzanian parliament on Monday ratified the
Intergovernmental Agreement between Tanzania and Uganda on the
East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) project.
ratified the agreement after earlier this year Tanzania and
Uganda agreed to construct the 1,445 km pipeline from the
oilfields of Hoima in Uganda to Tanga port in Tanzania.
the Minister for Justice and Constitutional Affairs, told the
House that Tanzania stood to benefit a lot from the 3.5
billion U.S. dollar oil pipeline project.
“The project is
expected to create 10,000 jobs during construction and other
10,000 jobs during implementation of the project,” said Kabudi
in his statement read on his behalf by the Minister for
Information, Culture and Sports, Harrison Mwakyembe.
Kabudi told the
august House that the project will also help Tanzanians to
gain experience in running gas and oil projects.
Kabudi said the
treaty also stipulates areas of cooperation, rights and
freedoms to the project operators as well as the concessions
the government provides for the project.
After signing the
Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA), the state parties are
supposed to establish a working group called IGA Consultation
Committee made up of qualified representatives of each
country, said the minister.
He said the
committee will serve as a body in which the two countries
exchange information and consult in respect to questions
relating to the agreement on the project.
The agreement also
stipulates that there shall be no customs and import duties on
machinery, capital goods and temporary importation of any
motor vehicles for the direct and exclusive use in the EACOP
The treaty gives
exemption of transit fees on the transport of petroleum in the
overall crude reserves at 6.5 billion barrels, while
recoverable reserves are seen at between 1.4 billion and 1.7
Tanzania to revive cultivation of cotton, four other major
DAR ES SALAAM Tanzania (Xinhua) --
Tanzanian Prime Minister Kassim Majaliwa said
on Saturday the government was planning to revive the
cultivation of five major cash crops of cotton, tea, coffee,
cashew nuts, and tobacco in the coming farming season.
The government has
decided to make a close follow-up specifically on cotton
farming where it will supervise the whole process from farm
preparation, planting, application of fertilizers and
insecticides, harvesting and marketing, Majaliwa said.
speaking in the political capital Dodoma during his meeting
with 10 regional commissioners from cotton-growing regions.
“It was high time
that cotton farmers benefited from their sweat,” he told the
meeting, organized to discuss the revival of cotton farming in
the regions of Shinyanga, Singida, Kagera, Tabora, Morogoro,
Mara, Mwanza, Simiyu, Katavi and Geita.
“We are determined
to revive cultivation of our major cash crops including
cotton,” Majaliwa said. “I have started with you because I
know you have the capacity to supervise and guide farmers.”
The prime minister
directed the regional commissioners to make sure that district
extension officers worked closely with farmers at all the
stages, from farm preparation to harvesting.
“The main job of
extension officers in these regions will be to ensure enough
cotton yields in the coming farming season,” he said.
cotton had to become the number one export crop as it had been
in previous years when people referred to it as “white gold.”
Illegal gold mining threatens forest in northern Tanzania
ARUSHA Tanzania (Xinhua) --
Protected forest in northern Tanzania’s Chome
Nature Reserve is threatened by illegal activities of
artisanal gold mining, authorities warned on Sunday.
Same District Commissioner, said groups of artisanal miners
have stormed the reserve in search of gold, polluting rivers
and the ground with toxic substances.
The reserve lies
in the Eastern Arc Mountains, and is located few kilometers
from Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain.
Staki said that
Tanzanian government plans to set up a patrol camp deep into
the forest to save the 14,000 hectares of forests located in
the Pare Mountains, between the West Usambara and the North
“I have witnessed
the environmental destruction of highest scale. In some areas,
2 kilometers of the forest are completely destroyed by the
miners,” she said in an interview.
The official added
that a team of forest rangers has been sent into the affected
forests to remove the artisanal miners.
According to her,
local governments have been tasked to come up with community
policing groups as a sustainable measure to address illegal
mining in the forest, which is surrounded by 27 villages.
Officer Commanding District (OCD), said so far, six artisanal
miners have been arrested for mining in the protected areas.
According to the country’s Mining Act Number 14 of 2010, no
one will be allowed to perform any exploration or mining
activity without the approval of the authorities.