ARUSHA, Tanzania, (Xinhua) --
Pastoral communities living
within the northern Tanzania’s sanctuary of Ngorongoro
Conservation Area (NCA) will soon be issued with
electronic identity cards, a move that seeks to control
the number of people entering the conservation area.
exercise, which will be supplemented by the marking of
livestock in the area, seeks to establish the actual
number of human beings and livestock within the NCA.
initiative will not only spare the eighth wonder of the
world from human activities but also help the government
ascertain the demand for social services in the
update on the upcoming human beings and livestock census
in the area on Wednesday, Chief Conservator with
Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA), Freddy
Manongi said his office will issue IDs to the pastoral
communities in a bid to thwart strangers entering the
“Once we are
done with the census we will definitely issue the
residents with special identity cards which will only be
given to legitimate residents,” he said.
Manongi, the 178,800 U.S. dollars exercise which will
begin on July 1 this year, seeks to lock out intruders
who come to graze their livestock from neighboring
countries like Kenya.
process, the NCAA will also establish a Lands Plan
Commission in the area.
“This is a
very important step towards development, we have had
cases of impostors disguising as Maasais hailing from
this area thus inconveniencing the provision of social
services in the area,” Manongi explained.
will also ascertain legitimate residents of NCA who have
been residing in the area since 1959.
decision comes hardly seven months after Prime Minister
Kassim Majaliwa directed the NCAA to conduct a census on
human beings and livestock coexisting with wild animals
in the area.
tour of the NCA in December last year, the premier
expressed concern over the increase of human activities
near the Ngorongoro crater and its negative effects on
the wildlife ecosystem.
the NCAA to inscribe livestock with special marks once
the count is completed.
the chairperson of Ngorongoro Pastoralists Council,
Edward Maura expressed his concern over the much-touted
census, saying it was bent on locking out some of the
legitimate residents in the area.
firebrand chairperson disclosed before the NCAA
officials and fellow pastoral council’s members that
there were reports of people being targeted in the
recommended a formation of an independent commission
comprised of seven Maasai elders, two officials from the
NCAA office and two District Commissioner’s office to
assist in identifying strangers and legitimate residents
during the census which is planned to be conducted by
the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).
moment, there are fears of some genuine residents to be
evicted; that is why we want a free and a fair
commission,” Maura said.
But on his
part, Ngorongoro District Commissioner, Rashid Taka
allayed such fears, saying the exercise will not target
anyone living within the NCA, and urged the residents to
cooperate while NBS move from one household to the other
shouldn’t be worried, let the statisticians do their
work,” Taka said.
Taka, the census will extend to Loliondo and Sale, areas
greatly inhabited by pastoralists.
occasions, scientists have warned against increased
human population, grazing pressure, the spread of
invasive species and poaching within the NCAA, saying
such practices may soon wipe out the tourist attraction
from world wonders.
in 1959 as a multiple land use area, with wildlife
coexisting with semi-nomadic Maasai pastoralists
practicing traditional livestock grazing, the NCA
includes the spectacular Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s