NAIROBI, (Xinhua) --
The Chinese-built railway linking the Ethiopian
capital Addis Ababa and the port of Djibouti, which will be
Africa’s first modern electrified railway, was inaugurated in
Addis Ababa Wednesday.
The 752.7 km
railway, with a designed speed of 120 km per hour, took six
years to complete. It was constructed by the China Railway Group
and the China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation, with a
total investment of 4 billion U.S. dollars. The railway is
expected to help landlocked Ethiopia improve access to the sea
and speed up a burgeoning industrialization process.
The railway reflects
the ever strengthening cooperation between China and Africa, and
is a continuation of friendly China-Africa cooperation in
railway infrastructure. The following are some other key railway
projects built by China in Africa over the years.
Known as a monument
to China-Africa friendship, TAZARA is the main rail line
connecting East Africa with the central and southern parts of
Africa. China financed and built TAZARA that covers a total
length of 1,860.5 km running from Tanzania’s Dar es Salaam in
the east to New Kapiri Mposhi in central Zambia in the west.
China deployed more
than 50,000 workers who worked together with Tanzanian and
Zambian workers to complete the construction of the project in
five years and eight months before its official inauguration in
In 2015, a 1,344-km
railroad project spanning Angola was complete and put into
The line, built by
the China Railway Construction Corporation, boasts the fastest
traveling speed in the country and will serve as a significant
economic corridor there.
The railway, linking
the coastal city of Lobito in the west and Luau city which
borders the Democratic Republic of Congo, is the second longest
railway built by a Chinese company for Africa after TAZARA. The
railway will be linked with the Angola-Zambia railway and the
Tanzania-Zambia railway in the future.
The railway, built
by China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation, covers a
distance of 186.5 km and links the capital city Abuja and the
northwestern state of Kaduna. It has nine stations and a
designed speed of 150 km per hour.
Built in 2011, the
railway became operational in July 2016. It is part of the
railway modernization initiative by Nigeria which aims to
replace the existing narrow gauge system with the wider standard
gauge system, while allowing high-speed train operations on the
Railway in Kenya
China in May 2014
signed a deal to build a rail link worth 3.8 billion dollars
between Kenya’s Mombasa and Nairobi. Around 480 km long, the
project is expected to complete in 2017.
The project, which
marks the first phase of a line that is expected to cover a
distance of about 2,935 km and eventually connect Uganda,
Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan, will facilitate transportation
and boost trade in the eastern African region.
passenger trains with a speed of 120 km per hour and freight
trains designed to move at 80 km per hour.
Addis Ababa Light
Rail Transit (AA-LRT) in Ethiopia
The electrified AA-LRT
was the first light railway on the African continent with two
lines of a total length of 34 km. The project, built by China
Railway Group, became operational in September 2015.
The rail service,
estimated to transport about 60,000 passengers per day, helps
ease people’s travels in the Ethiopian capital.