Nairobi National Park is a national park
in Kenya. Established in 1946, the national park was Kenya's
first. It is located approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) south of
the centre of Nairobi, Kenya's capital city, with an electric
fence separating the park's wildlife from the metropolis.
Nairobi's skyscrapers can be seen from the park.
The proximity of urban and natural environments has caused
conflicts between the animals and local people and threatens
animals' migration routes.
Still, despite its proximity to civilisation and relative
small size for an African national park, Nairobi National Park
boasts a large and varied wildlife population.
Migrating herbivores gather in the park during the dry
season, and it is one of Kenya's most successful rhinoceros
The park has a large and diverse wildlife population.
Species found in the park include Cape buffaloes, baboons,
black rhinos, gazelles, zebras, cheetahs, Coke's hartebeest,
hippopotami, leopards, lions, elands, impala, Masai giraffes,
ostriches, vultures and waterbucks.
Herbivores, including wildebeest and zebra, use the Kitengela
conservation area and migration corridor to the south of the
park to reach the Athi-Kapiti plains.
They disperse over the plains in the wet season and return to
the park in the dry season
The David Sheldrick Trust runs a sanctuary in the park that
hand-rears orphaned elephant and rhinoceros calves, and later
releases them back into secure sanctuaries.
Orphaned and sick animals are brought to the sanctuary from
all over Kenya.