ADDIS ABABA, (Xinhua) --
The African Union (AU) has said conflicts that it
has to mediate and resolve have persisted growing in complexity,
calling for intensified mediation efforts.
AU Commissioner for
Peace and Security Smail Chergui made the remarks while speaking
at the opening of a three-day seminar on the operationalization
of the AU Mediation Support Unit in Addis Ababa Tuesday.
“A host of emerging
threats to peace and security now influence conflict dynamics
and complicate mediation efforts, such as the proliferation of
illicit arms, human and drug trafficking, money laundering, as
well as natural resources exploitation and climate change,”
noted the commissioner.
matters further is the fact that players in a conflict are no
longer limited to defined political factions and armed groups
with a political agenda, but have exceeded those to rogue
elements to which violent conflict represents both the means and
ends, such as terrorists and warlords,” he said.
underlined the need to strengthen the mediation efforts of the
AU by setting up an African Union Mediation Support Unit (AU-MSU).
“The main objectives
of the unit is to ensure a systematic approach whereby the
experiences and lessons learned in AU mediation efforts serve as
a basis for formulating guidance and principles to strengthen
the work of current mediators and facilitators as well as
contribute to the elaboration of a template to support future
and potential mediators and facilitators,” he said.
Chergui added that
the unit will also help “build internal capacity for mediation
and to collaborate with members states, the United Nations, the
International Community as well as civil society and research
The AU official also
underlined the need to strengthen international collaboration
and partnership to have effective mobilization and harnessing of
the requisite capacity for internal mediation expertise.
AU mediation efforts
so far include active involvement in mediation efforts in
Madagascar, mediation and transition in Guinea, the Somali peace
and reconciliation process, the AU High-Level Panel on Sudan,
the peace process in the Central African Republic, and conflict
management efforts in Libya.