(Xinhua) -- Tanzanian authorities are
in the process of enacting laws that will mete out heavy
penalties for fishermen engaged in dynamite fishing which is now
rampant in the east African nation, an official said on Friday.
Fatma Sobo, the Assistant Director of Fisheries Resource
Development, said dynamite fishing in Tanzania’s Indian
Ocean Coastal line was out of control.
"Controlling dynamite fishing is difficult because of the
involvement of politicians," Sobo told a two-day workshop
for key actors in the marine fisheries sector in Tanzania
gathered to identify challenges facing the tuna fishery
sub-sector and seek common solutions.
She said the government has formed a task force with members
the Tanzania People’s Defence Forces (TPDF), the Ministry of
Home Affairs and the government’s environment department to find
out how the fishing malpractice could be eliminated.
Sobo said in 1997/98 dynamite fishing in Tanzania was almost
eliminated after the involvement of TPDF.
Mwanaidi Mlolwa, a senior official with the Ministry of
Livestock and Fisheries Development, said the process to
review fisheries laws was intended to make dynamite fishing
a treasonable offence.
"The current laws are not deterrent enough," she said.
According to the Fisheries Act of 2003, any person who
uses explosives to kill fish or destroy aquatic flora shall
be liable to imprisonment for a term not less than five
years and not exceeding 10 years.
In a recent world map of the Global Reefs at Risk
initiative, Tanzania is the only African country where
dynamite fishing occurs.
Dynamite destroys coral reefs, which is contrary to what
people normally think, it’s not a series of rocks, but it’s a
congregation of living animals which create the corals (rocks)
as their homes.
A survey conducted in Tanga Region in the 1990s showed that
10 per cent of coral reefs were damaged beyond recovery, while
70 percent had significant damage but could recover if
Tanzania’s primary schools
in modern farming competition
ARUSHA, Tanzania (Xinhua) --
Thousands of primary schools across
Tanzania are expected to take part in a unique farming
competition organized to polish school children with modern
farming techniques, an official of the organizers said on
The competition, which is meant to ensure food security by
increasing high productivity as well as instilling farming
skills amongst pupils, was championed by Seed Co Tanzania (Ltd),
a leading seed company in Tanzania, in collaboration with local
Frank Wenga, an official of the seed firm said in Arusha
that the first phase of the competition will involve more
than 6,000 schools located in Tanzania’s lake zone regions
of Kagera, Kigoma, Tabora, Geita, Shinyanga, Simiyu, Mwanza
He said the second phase will involve primary schools
located in southern highlands regions of Katavi, Rukwa,
Mbeya, Iringa, Njombe and Ruvuma.
"A winning school will be the one, which would have
considered to have followed the best farming practices," the
official said, adding that the winner will be awarded with
desks, exercise books, pens, pencils and other awards.
According to Wenga, schools that are to be involved will
be given certified maize seeds, pesticides and fertilizers
as well as crop preservation facilities.
He said schools in the competition would be required to
cultivate just a half of an acre piece of land where they would
make use of all farm implements required for farming.
"In another half of an acre land, schools will be
required to plant uncertified seeds, so that they could see
"We want to teach students using a practical approach
rather than learning on theories.
"It is our belief that the move would create a number of
job opportunities in the country taking into account that
agriculture is the backbone of the country’s economy, " he