agriculture accounts for about 20 percent of GDP
and is very sensitive to climate change
requiring that it adapts to ensure provision of
adequate food for a growing population, and to
improve production of export crops.
Trade and industry rely
on infrastructure and services such as water, energy
and transport, and are vulnerable to disruptions
caused by droughts and heavy rains whereas tourism
depends on a wide range of environmental resources.
variation and shifts associated with global warming
has forced Kenyan government agencies to review their
policies to include communities as the change in
nature has serious implications for people and the
economy of the country.
According to Dr. Isaiah
Nyandega, a Lecturer at the Department of Geography at
the University of Nairobi, the natural endowment of
renewable freshwater is low, and water resources are
unevenly distributed in both time and space in Kenya.
Nyandega said that
climate change will worsen this already precarious
situation as it affects the main hydrological
components of precipitation and run-off.
Some of the strategies
involve relatively simple efforts to accommodate
changes in the near-term that will present growing
conditions that are not significantly different from
what farmers have experienced in the past.
The FAO Representative
to the African Union (AU), Modibo Traore, noted that
climate change poses a formidable threat to
smallholders livelihoods as erratic weather patterns
disrupt food production systems.
change presents new risks and uncertainties to food
production at small holder level. We must prioritize
adaptation, facilitate access to genetic resources
to boost resilience among smallholders,” Traore
He noted that besides
altering food production systems, climate change is to
blame for spread of virulent pests and diseases
affecting crops and livestock.
has been a dramatic loss of pollinators like bees
which support 75 percent of global food production.
Climate change threatens biodiversity that underpins
food security,” said Traore.
He challenged African
governments to promote resource efficient agricultural
systems to sustain food production in the face of
is need to improve farmers’ knowledge and capacity
to promote climate smart agriculture in Africa,”
Traore said. Food security has direct impact on a
country’s sustainable development, human security
and peaceful co-existence.
The Director General,
World Agro forestry Centre (ICRAF), Tony Simons
observed that famines have fuelled civil strife in
many parts of the globe.
hunger undermines innovation and productivity in any
given society. We need to harness sustainable
approaches to achieve food security,” Simons said.
An estimated 200
million people in Africa are food insecure while
climate change, rapid population growth and loss of
critical habitats could worsen this challenge.
The World Bank contends
that crop yields throughout Sub-Saharan Africa may
decline by 15 percent to 20 percent by 2050, hence
worsening poverty levels in the region.
ecological based approaches could help build
efficient food systems and resilient livelihoods,
and ultimately achieve global food security in a
stock of the state of ecosystem based knowledge for
food security in Africa opens a window of
opportunity,” said UNEP’s Africa Regional Climate
Change Coordinator, Richard Munang.