REPORTS FROM THE
small holders need greater
government support - F.A.O.
countries are yet to implement the 10 percent
budgetary allocation on agriculture as agreed back in
(Xinhua) -- The
UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on Friday
called on African governments to implement policies
that will help the continent’s small livestock
producers to tap the growing demand for animal
Livestock Economist Uga Pica-Ciamarra told journalists
in Nairobi that due to a number of constraints the
region is now a net importer of livestock products.
small scale farmers holders should therefore be
positioned to benefit from the huge market for milk,
meat and eggs that will come out of Africa in the
next decades,” Pica-Ciamarra said.
called on governments to develop a private sector
model for the small industry players that is
sustainable enough in order to avoid the heavy
reliance on livestock imports which is a reflection of
comes even as African countries are yet to implement
the 10 percent budgetary allocation on agriculture as
agreed back in 2003. Uga Pica-Ciamarra noted up to 60
percent of rural households in Africa keep livestock.
said that while the U.S. capita consumption of meat is
estimated at 100 kg, Africa’s is slightly above 10
kg. Pica- Ciamarra added that a strong protein diet
will also help reduce the high levels of malnutrition
present in the region.
products are known to contain vital micro-nutrients
that are not found in grains,” he said.
Global Market Analysis of 2012 indicated that most of
the global meat production expansion in the future
will come from the developing countries.
Economist noted that Africa’s economy is growing
very fast and with this comes growing purchasing
power. “The continent will have to be innovative as
it requires 8 kg of grains to produce one kg of
beef,” he said.
Union’s Inter-African Bureau of Animal Resources
Information System Manager Ibrahim Ahmed said the
continental body is concerned about the industry’s
under performance despite the continent’s huge
is as a result of issues related to low productivity
as well as difficulty in complying with
international sanitary standards,” he said. Ahmed
noted that southern African nations especially
Botswana have managed to establish a well developed
Agricultural Economist Nancy Morgan said that it is
difficult to invest in Africa’s poultry sector due
to underlying constraints.
complex land tenure system does not provide an
incentive for livestock producers to invest in their
land in order to achieve higher productivity equal
to their counterparts in the developed world,” she
economist noted that by 2050, 70 percent of Africa’s
population is expected to live in urban areas.
will present a huge challenge in feeding Africa’s
cities which will require improved protein diets as
more and more women move away from farms and work in
urban areas,” she said.
noted that a study of Kenya’s 2010 drought showed
that the livestock deaths reduced the country’s
gross domestic product by 0.5 percent.
Ministry of Agriculture Data management Officer Joseph
Sserugga said that his country’s animal resource
play a vital social economic role.
of a viable social safety net has forced most of the
population to keep livestock as savings which are
converted to cash during emergencies,” he said.
Nsiima, head of the Statistics Unit of Tanzania’s
Ministry of Livestock, said his country has the third
largest stock of livestock in Africa after Ethiopia
the sector faces numerous challenges due to the high
cost of inputs while most breeds have low
productivity,” he said.
FAO, World Bank and International Livestock Research
Institute (ILRI) are currently implementing a three
year, 2.5 million U.S. dollars pilot project in
Tanzania, Uganda and Niger dubbed the Livestock Data
Innovation in Africa in order to improve statics
collection in order to better manage the sector.
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