barriers affecting Kenyan
international trade says ITC
rates have dropped in virtually all nations and
governments are now using national laws to
(Xinhua) -- Non-Tariff
Measures (NTMs) are affecting Kenya’s exporters
and importers thus inhibiting its presence in the
global trade arena, an international trade body
said on Tuesday.
Trade Centre (ITC) Market Analysis and Research
Consultant Samidh Shrestha told journalists in
that despite global economic liberalization,
non-tariff barriers continues to hinder
’s international trade.
survey conducted indicated that approximately 74
percent of all exporting firms faced burdensome
NTMs which were affecting their ability to
access to international markets,” Shrestha
said during a national validation workshop on
the impact of non-tariff barriers on local
day-long meeting brought over 50 stakeholders to
develop the final report following a survey
conducted with the private sector aimed at
identifying regulatory and procedural barriers to
trade stemming from NTMs.
which is a joint agency of the World Trade
Organization and the United Nations, said that
unlike many developing countries has strong
institutions to help local firms to overcome the
bigger challenge is the bureaucratic
inefficiencies coupled with delays in
administrative procedures that affect
competitiveness,” he said.
noted that tariff rates have dropped in virtually
all nations and governments are now using national
laws to regulate trade.
policy makers have to understand the obstacles
that their private sector is facing in order to
develop clear strategies to help overcome
them,” he said.
to the ITC,
is among the 30 countries globally and among the
six sub-Saharan countries where the study on NTMs
has been conducted.
of Trade Permanent Secretary Abdulrazaq Ali said
that the focus on trade negotiations at the
multilateral, regional and bilateral levels have
lately been directed at the reduction of the NTMs.
study will therefore help the country undertake
a critical analysis of the implications of the
trade barriers to the economy, “ Ali said.
of Trade Head of Bilateral Division Joseph Kosure
said that while
is a serious player in the economy of
, it still faces a lot of challenges due to the
presence of the NTMs.
final consumers therefore bear the brunt of high
prices as exporters load on the charges to the
retail price,” Kosure said.
Synovate, which conducted the survey said that
medium and small enterprises are the least
equipped to fulfill the burdensome NTMs required
Research Manager Godwin Asiimwe said that most
exporters are therefore calling for lower fees for
certification and inspection.
Associate Market Analysts Olga Solleder said that
the NTMs are affecting the competitiveness of
products produced in
. She said that while
exporters can produce goods of high standard they
still have difficulty in demonstrating conformity.
European Union has also put in place regulations
that exports needs to abide by. However local
firms find it difficult to comply with due to
procedural obstacles present in
,” Solleder said.
ITC official added that some of the regulations
include the minimum level of pesticides residues
allowed for agricultural exports to access the EU.
Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis
(KIPPRA) Policy Analyst for Trade Dr Augustus
Muluvi said that despite
’s membership in the East African Community (EAC),
the country’s exporters still face barriers to
the EAC accounted for 24 percent of total
exports, it had 30 percent of reported NTMs,”
of the difficult regulations applied by member
states were associated with technical
regulations or conformity assessments,” he
KIPPRA official noted that other key domestic
impediments for exporters were the laborious
procedures required for obtaining certificates of
Bureau of Standards Economist David Nganyi said
that lack of harmonized standards among the EAC
partner states is one form of trade barrier that
hinders cross border trade.
of EAC Economic Affairs Directorate Deputy
Director Fredrick Gitahi said that the EAC has
recommended that each member state should maintain
only two weighbridges, one at the entry point and
which are not landlocked were allowed to have
more in order to curb illegal trade and enhance
their security,” Gitahi said.
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